AJAX progress indicator
  • accounting rate of return
    A project evaluation tool that focuses on accounting income rather than cash flows; average annual increase in income by the amount of initial investment.
  • annuity
    Level streams of payments; with each payment being the same, and occurring at a regular interval
  • annuity due
    Also known as an annuity in advance; involves a level stream of payments, with the payments being made at the beginning of each time period
  • capital expenditure decision
    Also known as capital budgeting; planning and decision making related to longer term projects and expenditures
  • future value
    Or "compound interest;" amount that a current payment (or stream of payments) will grow in time; includes interest on previous interest based on frequency of compounding
  • internal rate of return
    Also known as time-adjusted rate of return or IRR; discount rate causing present value of cash inflows to equal present value of the cash outflows
  • net present value
    Or NPV, a method of evaluating capital projects that uses a predetermined interest rate to determine the present value of an investment's net cash inflows and outflows
  • opportunity cost
    The cost of a foregone alternative; may include lost revenue
  • ordinary annuity
    Also known as an annuity in arrears; involves a level stream of payments, with the payments being made at the end of each time period
  • outsourcing
    Utilization of independent parties to manufacture products (sometimes known as make-or-buy) or manage data processing, tech support, payroll services, etc.
  • payback method
    Easy method for evaluating capital projects; calculated by dividing the initial investment by the annual cash inflow
  • present value
    Also known as discounting; determines the current worth of cash to be received in the future
  • relevant cost
    Items where future costs and revenues are expected to differ for the alternative decisions under consideration
  • special order
    A customer order that is outside of the normal pricing and terms
  • sunk cost
    Historical amount expended on a project or object; not relevant to current decisions or future actions
  • time value of money
    Conceptual notion holding that money to be received sooner is worth more than money to be received later From Chapter 24: In the context of capital budgeting, assume two alternative investments have the same upfront cost. Investment Alpha returns $100 per year for each of the next (...)